“Jasmine Revolution”
Symbol of peace: Flowers placed on the barrel of a tank
in very much calmer protests than in recent days in Tunisia

'The Protester' - Time Person of the Year 2011

'The Protester' - Time Person of the Year 2011
Mannoubia Bouazizi, the mother of Tunisian street vendor Mohammed Bouazizi. "Mohammed suffered a lot. He worked hard. but when he set fire to himself, it wasn’t about his scales being confiscated. It was about his dignity." (Peter Hapak for TIME)

1 - TUNISIA Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

How eyepatches became a symbol of Egypt's revolution - Graffiti depicting a high ranking army officer with an eye patch Photograph: Nasser Nasser/ASSOCIATED PRESS

2 - EGYPT Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

''17 February Revolution"

3 - LIBYA Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

5 - SYRIA Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

"25 January Youth Revolution"
Muslim and Christian shoulder-to-shoulder in Tahrir Square
"A Summary" – Apr 2, 2011 (Kryon channelled by Lee Carroll) (Subjects: Religion, Shift of Human Consciousness, 2012, Intelligent/Benevolent Design, EU, South America, 5 Currencies, Water Cycle (Heat up, Mini Ice Ace, Oceans, Fish, Earthquakes ..), Middle East, Internet, Israel, Dictators, Palestine, US, Japan (Quake/Tsunami Disasters , People, Society ...), Nuclear Power Revealed, Hydro Power, Geothermal Power, Moon, Financial Institutes (Recession, Realign integrity values ..) , China, North Korea, Global Unity,..... etc.) -
(Subjects: Egypt Uprising, Iran/Persia Uprising, Peace in Middle East without Israel actively involved, Muhammad, "Conceptual" Youth Revolution, "Conceptual" (without a manager hierarchy) managed Businesses, Internet, Social Media, News Media, Google, Bankers, Global Unity,..... etc.)
"The End of History" – Nov 20, 2010 (Kryon channelled by Lee Carroll)
(Subjects:Abraham, Isaac, Ishmael, Muhammad, Jesus, God, Jews, Arabs, EU, US, Israel, Iran, Russia, Africa, South America, Global Unity,..... etc.) (Text version)

"If an Arab and a Jew can look at one another and see the Akashic lineage and see the one family, there is hope. If they can see that their differences no longer require that they kill one another, then there is a beginning of a change in history. And that's what is happening now. All of humanity, no matter what the spiritual belief, has been guilty of falling into the historic trap of separating instead of unifying. Now it's starting to change. There's a shift happening."

“ … Here is another one. A change in what Human nature will allow for government. "Careful, Kryon, don't talk about politics. You'll get in trouble." I won't get in trouble. I'm going to tell you to watch for leadership that cares about you. "You mean politics is going to change?" It already has. It's beginning. Watch for it. You're going to see a total phase-out of old energy dictatorships eventually. The potential is that you're going to see that before 2013.

They're going to fall over, you know, because the energy of the population will not sustain an old energy leader ..."

African Union (AU)

African Union (AU)
African Heads of State pose for a group photo ahead of the start of the 28th African Union summit in Addis Ababa on January 30, 2017 (AFP Photo/ Zacharias ABUBEKER)

Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela
Few words can describe Nelson Mandela, so we let him speak for himself. Happy birthday, Madiba.

Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Inauguration of Mali's president to highlight return to democracy

Deutsche Welle, 18 Sep 2013

Two weeks after being sworn in, Mali's new president, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, is to be officially inaugurated at a ceremony in Bamako at the start of a difficult journey to national recovery.

Idriss Deby of Chad, the Ivory Coast's Alassane Ouattara and Moroccan king Mohammed VI are prominent guests among 26 heads of state invited to welcome Mali's new president Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, elected by a landslide on August 11.

A place of honor will be reserved for French President Francois Hollande, who sent in French troops to drive militant Islamists out of northern Mali.

Francois Hollande has praised
Mali's return to democracy
Promise of dialogue

Keita's presidency started with a clarion call for Malian national reconciliation. At his swearing-in ceremony (4.9.2013) he said finding a solution for the Tuareg separatist question was his top priority. For the first time, Mali now has a minister for national reconciliation.

Within a few days of taking office, IBK – as Ibrahim Boubacar Keita is known – announced that there would be dialogue with representatives from the north, as laid down in the peace treaty between the Malian transitional government and the Tuareg groups.

Heiner Papendieck (right) believes
 broad-based, inclusive dialogue is
On Wednesday, armed rebel factions from the north said they were committed to peace talks. The announcement came after a three day meeting in Bamako between the main Tuareg separatist organizations, including the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA), and the Arab Movement of Azawad (MAA) and the United Forces of Patriotic Resistance (UFPR). But while the text of their agreement speaks of seeking "a solution though dialogue," UFPR spokesman Harouna Toure said it was merely "a good first step," rather than a peace deal.

Henner Papendieck is a former head of the Northern Mali program at the German aid organization GIZ. He says it is not enough for the Malian government simply to seek dialogue with the rebels.

"They do not represent the population. You will obviously have to go and retrieve the population from the refugee camps, so that they can say what they want; what their vision of the future looks like," he said.

Hundreds of thousands of Malians were displaced by the fighting that followed a coup in Bamako in January 2012. The coup reignited a separatist Tuareg MNLA rebellion which was hijacked by militant Islamists. They, in turn, were driven out of northern Mali's cities by French and African Union forces.

Mali was regarded as a model for
 African democracy until a coup
plunged it into crisis 18 months ago
Papendieck believes that the MNLA is not a movement genuinely rooted in the population, but a collection of ex-soldiers with a sprinkling of intellectuals. Much the same could be said of the Islamists and representatives of Arab groups also fighting for an independent Azawad. Papendieck said the attitude of the Malian population to these organizations is "Who are these people - they don't represent anything, or anybody, they just mean violence!"

The MNLA also have their reservations. Spokesman Moussa Ag Assarid said they have no objections if other groups, particularly civil society groups, take part in the talks. "But what we don't want is a repetition of past mistakes, we don't want to be offered, yet again, decentralization as the solution to all problems," he told DW.

The need for reconstruction

Assarid also insisted that Azawad had already attained a certain status. He was referring to an agreement between Bamako and the Tuareg rebels in April 1992, under which the regions of Gao, Kidal and Timbuktu would be known henceforth as Azawad. But the Tuaregs say the Malian government was half-hearted in its implementation of this peace agreement, which was the reason why they decided to join forces with the Islamist militants in the first place.

Mali also harbors other obstacles to peace and nascent democracy. The economy is in tatters and the country's infrastructure equally dilapidated. War in the north has destroyed roads and public buildings, such as schools and hospitals. Many northern Malians are either unemployed or have left the country. Keita has taken a first step towards recovery by appointing an economics expert, Oumar Tatam Ly, as prime minister. But Papendieck believes the international community, too, should roll up its sleeves and get involved.

"Mali will have to be a development aid priority for the next five to ten years," he said. It will take Mali that long to bring economic activity back to pre-January 2012 coup levels.

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