“Jasmine Revolution”
Symbol of peace: Flowers placed on the barrel of a tank
in very much calmer protests than in recent days in Tunisia

'The Protester' - Time Person of the Year 2011

'The Protester' - Time Person of the Year 2011
Mannoubia Bouazizi, the mother of Tunisian street vendor Mohammed Bouazizi. "Mohammed suffered a lot. He worked hard. but when he set fire to himself, it wasn’t about his scales being confiscated. It was about his dignity." (Peter Hapak for TIME)

1 - TUNISIA Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

How eyepatches became a symbol of Egypt's revolution - Graffiti depicting a high ranking army officer with an eye patch Photograph: Nasser Nasser/ASSOCIATED PRESS

2 - EGYPT Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

''17 February Revolution"

3 - LIBYA Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

5 - SYRIA Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

"25 January Youth Revolution"
Muslim and Christian shoulder-to-shoulder in Tahrir Square
"A Summary" – Apr 2, 2011 (Kryon channelled by Lee Carroll) (Subjects: Religion, Shift of Human Consciousness, 2012, Intelligent/Benevolent Design, EU, South America, 5 Currencies, Water Cycle (Heat up, Mini Ice Ace, Oceans, Fish, Earthquakes ..), Middle East, Internet, Israel, Dictators, Palestine, US, Japan (Quake/Tsunami Disasters , People, Society ...), Nuclear Power Revealed, Hydro Power, Geothermal Power, Moon, Financial Institutes (Recession, Realign integrity values ..) , China, North Korea, Global Unity,..... etc.) -
(Subjects: Egypt Uprising, Iran/Persia Uprising, Peace in Middle East without Israel actively involved, Muhammad, "Conceptual" Youth Revolution, "Conceptual" (without a manager hierarchy) managed Businesses, Internet, Social Media, News Media, Google, Bankers, Global Unity,..... etc.)
"The End of History" – Nov 20, 2010 (Kryon channelled by Lee Carroll)
(Subjects:Abraham, Isaac, Ishmael, Muhammad, Jesus, God, Jews, Arabs, EU, US, Israel, Iran, Russia, Africa, South America, Global Unity,..... etc.) (Text version)

"If an Arab and a Jew can look at one another and see the Akashic lineage and see the one family, there is hope. If they can see that their differences no longer require that they kill one another, then there is a beginning of a change in history. And that's what is happening now. All of humanity, no matter what the spiritual belief, has been guilty of falling into the historic trap of separating instead of unifying. Now it's starting to change. There's a shift happening."

“ … Here is another one. A change in what Human nature will allow for government. "Careful, Kryon, don't talk about politics. You'll get in trouble." I won't get in trouble. I'm going to tell you to watch for leadership that cares about you. "You mean politics is going to change?" It already has. It's beginning. Watch for it. You're going to see a total phase-out of old energy dictatorships eventually. The potential is that you're going to see that before 2013.

They're going to fall over, you know, because the energy of the population will not sustain an old energy leader ..."

African Union (AU)

African Union (AU)
African Heads of State pose for a group photo ahead of the start of the 28th African Union summit in Addis Ababa on January 30, 2017 (AFP Photo/ Zacharias ABUBEKER)

Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela
Few words can describe Nelson Mandela, so we let him speak for himself. Happy birthday, Madiba.

Friday, March 7, 2014

ICC convicts DR Congo militia boss of war crimes

Google – AFP, Jan Hennop (AFP), 7 March 2014

Congolese national and former millitia chief Germain Katanga, pictured during
 his trial at the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague on May 15, 2012
(ANP/AFP/File, Michael Kooren)

The Hague — The International Criminal Court on Friday convicted Congolese ex-militia boss Germain Katanga of war crimes for arming an ethnic militia that carried out a 2003 village massacre with guns and machetes.

"The chamber by majority finds Germain Katanga guilty... of complicity in the crimes committed on February 24, 2003," said judge Bruno Cotte.

Katanga was convicted of arming the Patriotic Resistance Forces in Ituri (FRPI) who then committed murder and pillaging, but judges cleared him of rape, sexual slavery and using child soldiers in the attack on Bogoro village.

Fighters of the Patriotic Force of Resistance
 for Ituri militia (FRPI)patrol a road near
Tchei, south Ituri on July 28, 2006 (AFP/
File, Lionel Healing)
The verdict was only the ICC's third and its second conviction since opening its doors more than a decade ago.

Katanga, 35, went on trial more than four years ago facing seven counts of war crimes and three of crimes against humanity for his alleged role in the attack on the eastern Congolese village in 2003.

Prosecutors said that at least 200 people were killed in the massacre, while judges said that only 60 victims, mainly women, children and the elderly, had been identified.

Dressed in a grey suit, light blue shirt and black tie, Katanga, who was once known by his nickname "Simba" (lion), stood impassively with his hands folded behind his back as the judgement was read.

"The chamber finds that Katanga made a truly significant contribution in the commission of the crimes," Judge Cotte said.

"His involvement allowed the militia to avail itself of the logistics," to carry out the attack on Bogoro, situated south of the mineral-rich Ituri capital of Bunia, near Lake Albert.

During Katanga's trial, prosecutors alleged that Ngiti and Lendu tribes attacked Bogoro's villagers of the Hema ethnic group with machine guns, rocket-propelled grenades and machetes.

"The attack was intended to 'wipe out' or 'raze' Bogoro village," the judges said.

Child soldiers were used while women and girls were abducted and used as sex slaves, forced to cook and obey orders from FRPI soldiers, they said.

But the ICC's judges found that although child soldiers were present in the FRPI and that sexual crimes were committed, prosecutors failed to prove Katanga's direct involvement.

"The chamber was not able to confirm that Germain Katanga was present... or took part in the fighting or victory celebrations afterwards," Judge Cotte said.

- Sex crimes not addressed -

Rights groups and the court's chief prosecutor hailed the judgement, although some observers decried that it did not address the scourge of sexual crimes that raged during the wars in the vast Central African country's volatile east, which borders Rwanda and Uganda.

"Today?s verdict is a victory for victims and their families," said William Pace, convener of the Coalition for the International Criminal Court.

"However it is concerning that those responsible for the crimes of rape and using child soldiers, which continue to blight the region, have yet to be brought to justice," he said.

ICC chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda told AFP she believed the judgement brought some justice to victims in Ituri, but said her office "will study today's judgement very carefully before future comment."

- Split trials -

In 2004 Katanga was made a general in President Joseph Kabila's army as part of a policy to end the civil strife -- until Kinshasa arrested him in 2005.

He was transferred to The Hague in October 2007 and his trial, together with that of his co-accused Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui, started two years later.

Judges in November 2012 split the trials.

On Friday, judges said that Katanga did not plan the attack on Bogoro as originally the prosecution alleged, but that Katanga rather was an accessory to the crimes committed.

His lawyers now have 30 days to appeal.

If the judgement is upheld, he could face up to 30 years in jail.

Ngudjolo was acquitted in December 2012 after judges in that case said the prosecution failed to prove he played a commanding role in the Bogoro attack.

That was the first time the ICC, the world's only permanent independent tribunal to try the world's worst crimes, had acquitted a suspect.

The Hague-based ICC has so far only convicted one other suspect, Katanga's arch-enemy and former Congolese rebel fighter Thomas Lubanga, who was sentenced in 2012 to 14 years for recruiting and enlisting child soldiers.

In 2003, DR Congo was just starting to emerge from a war that embroiled the armies of at least half-a-dozen nations, and the country's isolated east was rife with violent militia groups.

Clashes in Ituri broke out in 1999 and devastated the region, killing at least 60,000 people according to non-government group tallies.

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