“Jasmine Revolution”
Symbol of peace: Flowers placed on the barrel of a tank
in very much calmer protests than in recent days in Tunisia

'The Protester' - Time Person of the Year 2011

'The Protester' - Time Person of the Year 2011
Mannoubia Bouazizi, the mother of Tunisian street vendor Mohammed Bouazizi. "Mohammed suffered a lot. He worked hard. but when he set fire to himself, it wasn’t about his scales being confiscated. It was about his dignity." (Peter Hapak for TIME)

1 - TUNISIA Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

How eyepatches became a symbol of Egypt's revolution - Graffiti depicting a high ranking army officer with an eye patch Photograph: Nasser Nasser/ASSOCIATED PRESS

2 - EGYPT Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

''17 February Revolution"

3 - LIBYA Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

5 - SYRIA Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

"25 January Youth Revolution"
Muslim and Christian shoulder-to-shoulder in Tahrir Square
"A Summary" – Apr 2, 2011 (Kryon channelled by Lee Carroll) (Subjects: Religion, Shift of Human Consciousness, 2012, Intelligent/Benevolent Design, EU, South America, 5 Currencies, Water Cycle (Heat up, Mini Ice Ace, Oceans, Fish, Earthquakes ..), Middle East, Internet, Israel, Dictators, Palestine, US, Japan (Quake/Tsunami Disasters , People, Society ...), Nuclear Power Revealed, Hydro Power, Geothermal Power, Moon, Financial Institutes (Recession, Realign integrity values ..) , China, North Korea, Global Unity,..... etc.) -
(Subjects: Egypt Uprising, Iran/Persia Uprising, Peace in Middle East without Israel actively involved, Muhammad, "Conceptual" Youth Revolution, "Conceptual" (without a manager hierarchy) managed Businesses, Internet, Social Media, News Media, Google, Bankers, Global Unity,..... etc.)
"The End of History" – Nov 20, 2010 (Kryon channelled by Lee Carroll)
(Subjects:Abraham, Isaac, Ishmael, Muhammad, Jesus, God, Jews, Arabs, EU, US, Israel, Iran, Russia, Africa, South America, Global Unity,..... etc.) (Text version)

"If an Arab and a Jew can look at one another and see the Akashic lineage and see the one family, there is hope. If they can see that their differences no longer require that they kill one another, then there is a beginning of a change in history. And that's what is happening now. All of humanity, no matter what the spiritual belief, has been guilty of falling into the historic trap of separating instead of unifying. Now it's starting to change. There's a shift happening."

“ … Here is another one. A change in what Human nature will allow for government. "Careful, Kryon, don't talk about politics. You'll get in trouble." I won't get in trouble. I'm going to tell you to watch for leadership that cares about you. "You mean politics is going to change?" It already has. It's beginning. Watch for it. You're going to see a total phase-out of old energy dictatorships eventually. The potential is that you're going to see that before 2013.

They're going to fall over, you know, because the energy of the population will not sustain an old energy leader ..."

African Union (AU)

African Union (AU)
African Heads of State pose for a group photo ahead of the start of the 28th African Union summit in Addis Ababa on January 30, 2017 (AFP Photo/ Zacharias ABUBEKER)

Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela
Few words can describe Nelson Mandela, so we let him speak for himself. Happy birthday, Madiba.

Monday, March 21, 2011

Targeting Gaddafi is allowed by UN resolution, international lawyers say

Law professor says phrase 'all necessary means' signals that Libyan leader is at personal risk from coalition's military action

guardian.co.uk, Owen Bowcott, Monday 21 March 2011

Muammar Gaddafi waves in Tripoli before making a speech to supporters.
The Libyan leader and his high command could be targeted under the UN
resolution. Photograph: Ahmed Jadallah/Reuters

Targeting Muammar Gaddafi and his military high command is permissible under the broadly drawn terms of the UN security council resolution, according to many international lawyers.

Regime change – the ultimate desire of most countries supporting the motion – is not, however, an aim specified in any of the 29 points of the UN text.

If it occurs, it will be as a byproduct of international intervention.

The key phrase in UN resolution 1973 – "to take all necessary measures ... to protect civilians and civilian-populated areas under threat of attack" – allows states participating significant latitude in deciding what is militarily possible.

The ambiguities created by such loose phrasing may even have been intentional.

"Sometimes these UN resolutions are [deliberately] not clear," said Anthony Aust, a former Foreign Office legal adviser who helped draft the Kuwait resolution in 1990. "They are ambiguous because it's the only way to avoid a veto."

Philippe Sands, professor of law at University College London, believes the Libyan leader is at personal risk.

"The authorisation of 'all necessary measures' is broad and appears to allow the targeting of Gaddafi and others who act to put civilians 'under threat of attack', words that go beyond the need to establish a connection with actual attacks," he wrote in the Guardian last Friday.

Malcolm Shaw, professor of international law at Leicester University, said: "Anything that supports Libyan jets – including the military command structure, airfields and anti-aircraft batteries – would be legitimate."

But, he cautioned, not all Libyan government sites could be hit: "I wouldn't think that blowing up the finance ministry in Tripoli would be authorised."

A political split over interpretation of the UN resolution already seems apparent, with Britain contemplating direct attacks on the Libyan leader on the grounds that he is behind the orders to attack civilians in Benghazi, Misrata and other rebellious cities.

Asked about killing Gaddafi, the defence secretary, Liam Fox, told BBC Radio: "It would potentially be a possibility. We are very careful to avoid [civilian casualties] for humanitarian reasons, [and] for the propaganda reasons that it would provide for the regime itself."

The foreign secretary also failed to deny that Gaddafi might become a target.

William Hague said he would not "get drawn into details about what or whom may be targeted", adding: "I'm not going to speculate on the targets ... That depends on the circumstances at the time."

But the US defence secretary, Robert Gates, appeared to take a more restrictive view of the terms of the resolution.

"The one thing that there is common agreement on are the terms set forth in the security council resolution," he said. "If we start adding additional objectives then I think we create a problem in that respect.

"I also think it is unwise to set as specific goals things that you may or may not be able to achieve."

The government is due to publish a summary of the legal advice on the UN-sanctioned Libyan operation written by attorney general Dominic Grieve later. It will be followed by a Commons debate and a vote on the military intervention.

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