“Jasmine Revolution”
Symbol of peace: Flowers placed on the barrel of a tank
in very much calmer protests than in recent days in Tunisia

'The Protester' - Time Person of the Year 2011

'The Protester' - Time Person of the Year 2011
Mannoubia Bouazizi, the mother of Tunisian street vendor Mohammed Bouazizi. "Mohammed suffered a lot. He worked hard. but when he set fire to himself, it wasn’t about his scales being confiscated. It was about his dignity." (Peter Hapak for TIME)

1 - TUNISIA Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

How eyepatches became a symbol of Egypt's revolution - Graffiti depicting a high ranking army officer with an eye patch Photograph: Nasser Nasser/ASSOCIATED PRESS

2 - EGYPT Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

''17 February Revolution"

3 - LIBYA Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

5 - SYRIA Democratic Change / Freedom of Speech (In Transition)

"25 January Youth Revolution"
Muslim and Christian shoulder-to-shoulder in Tahrir Square
"A Summary" – Apr 2, 2011 (Kryon channelled by Lee Carroll) (Subjects: Religion, Shift of Human Consciousness, 2012, Intelligent/Benevolent Design, EU, South America, 5 Currencies, Water Cycle (Heat up, Mini Ice Ace, Oceans, Fish, Earthquakes ..), Middle East, Internet, Israel, Dictators, Palestine, US, Japan (Quake/Tsunami Disasters , People, Society ...), Nuclear Power Revealed, Hydro Power, Geothermal Power, Moon, Financial Institutes (Recession, Realign integrity values ..) , China, North Korea, Global Unity,..... etc.) -
(Subjects: Egypt Uprising, Iran/Persia Uprising, Peace in Middle East without Israel actively involved, Muhammad, "Conceptual" Youth Revolution, "Conceptual" (without a manager hierarchy) managed Businesses, Internet, Social Media, News Media, Google, Bankers, Global Unity,..... etc.)
"The End of History" – Nov 20, 2010 (Kryon channelled by Lee Carroll)
(Subjects:Abraham, Isaac, Ishmael, Muhammad, Jesus, God, Jews, Arabs, EU, US, Israel, Iran, Russia, Africa, South America, Global Unity,..... etc.) (Text version)

"If an Arab and a Jew can look at one another and see the Akashic lineage and see the one family, there is hope. If they can see that their differences no longer require that they kill one another, then there is a beginning of a change in history. And that's what is happening now. All of humanity, no matter what the spiritual belief, has been guilty of falling into the historic trap of separating instead of unifying. Now it's starting to change. There's a shift happening."

“ … Here is another one. A change in what Human nature will allow for government. "Careful, Kryon, don't talk about politics. You'll get in trouble." I won't get in trouble. I'm going to tell you to watch for leadership that cares about you. "You mean politics is going to change?" It already has. It's beginning. Watch for it. You're going to see a total phase-out of old energy dictatorships eventually. The potential is that you're going to see that before 2013.

They're going to fall over, you know, because the energy of the population will not sustain an old energy leader ..."

African Union (AU)

African Union (AU)
African Heads of State pose for a group photo ahead of the start of the 28th African Union summit in Addis Ababa on January 30, 2017 (AFP Photo/ Zacharias ABUBEKER)

Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela
Few words can describe Nelson Mandela, so we let him speak for himself. Happy birthday, Madiba.

Friday, May 11, 2012

Dictators ruin the economy

RNW, 11 May 2012 , by Gerhard Verduijn

Dictatorship is bad for the economy. Researchers say a country’s finances go into freefall after 10 to 15 years of totalitarianism. The tell-tale characteristics are decreasing growth and increasing inflation.

“The longer a dictator is in power, the worse the economic performance,” concludes economic historian Jan Luiten van Zanden from Utrecht University. He’s studied the economies of 55 dictatorships and there is no denying that, if one person has all the power, the economy suffers.

It comes as no surprise that dictators tend to tell another story. Former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi wasted no opportunity to stress that he had brought his country nothing but prosperity. Some economists think this kind of story makes sense. A strong man without an opposition needn’t make concessions: he can push thorough whatever is best for – the economy of - his country.

Driving seat

In practice, though, it’s different. That becomes glaringly obvious the longer a dictator is in the driving seat. Van Zanden:

“With the passage of time, the balance shifts from the country’s interests to private interests and that is disastrous for the economy. The quality of governance declines, the clique surrounding the Great Leader is corrupt and loots the treasury. What’s more, as everything goes downhill, they start to print money with the result that inflation rockets.”

Of all the authoritarian regimes in Africa and the Middle East Van Zanden has studied, he thinks the most striking examples, besides Libya, are Zimbabwe, Congo and Ivory Coast. It’s no coincidence that these are countries which have been ruled by one man for years. Van Zanden:

“On average, African presidents are in power for over a decade. So far, Gaddafi wins the prize with 42 years at the top, but Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe (32 years in power) and Uganda’s Yoweri Museveni (26 years) are not doing too badly. Just compare that to the Western World, where presidents and other government leaders average three to four years in power. There’s a reason for this. Power corrupts.”


Just how much can a dictator be blamed though? Is poverty and economic malaise also not often caused by economic sanctions? Van Zanden:

“They definitely influence things and contribute to the decline. Zimbabwe is a good example of this. Economic sanctions, though, only come into play in a few of the dictatorships researched. I think you first have to look at the positive side to these punitive measures: imposing sanctions is one of the few things the international community can do to try to change these kinds of dictatorships.”


Van Zanden argues it’s a fact that regime change would benefit the population of a dictatorship on economic grounds alone. The extent of the benefit can even be worked out: his research details the costs to the economy of these dictatorships.

“Every year under a dictator reduces growth in GDP by between 0,10 and 0.15 percent. That means, if a dictator is in power for 20 years, average growth will be about 2.5 percent lower than in a comparable country without an all-powerful leader. That is a really major effect. Africa and the Middle East pay a high price for their dictators.”

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